According to the United Nations Charter, the first article of the first chapter states the Purposes of the United Nations as :
“To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace.”
The importance of United Nations is so vital to the world peace and to create a plain level field between countries regardless of their power or wealth is what makes me a big fan of it. The United Nations plays an important role in children health, education, refugees protection and so many other crucial services that I can’t able to cover in one blog post. Yet, more than any other services, as stated in the first article of the first charter, peace keeping and international justice is the main reason and work of the United Nations.
That is why I get disappointed and wonder if the United Nations treats its members equally when I see disparities in their response to different casualties around the world.
Take for example the urgency and response given to the Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris. The United Nations secretary General Ban Ki Moon gave a needed a well deserved response the the tragic event the same day. He said ““I am appalled and deeply shocked by the attack against Charlie Hebdo in Paris this morning,” Mr. Ban said. “This act of violence can in no way be justified. This is an attack against freedom of expression and freedom of the press – the two pillars of democracy.” The response and urgency given to Paris was well deserved and I applaud the UN for standing with France in the time of national mourning.
Today, the UN Spokesperson was asked by the Inner City Press (ICP) journalist about the Oromo protest in Ethiopia. The journalist said” Is the United Nations aware of a pretty detail reporting of protest in Oromia, Protesting what is called a seizure of their land , people say 140 people are killed. Given the UN had an office in Addis Ababa, do you have a knowledge of these killings?
The UN spokesperson replied “I don’t have anything with me here, but I will check”
I am sure at this point our mind rushes to find an answer why the UN might not have a clue about Ethiopia versus France. But that is the point.
International peace and security have to be just that, international peace and security regardless of where it happens. Prevention and removal of peace also means intervening into domestic politics when children and students are being killed by their own government. Especially when the government we are talking about is campaigning to earn a seat in the security council of the United Nations. Conformity with the principles of Justice and international law means respecting the human rights where ever in the globe the person lived.
Yet the special attention some countries get from UN officials makes me wonder if the name of the organization is United Nations or Unique Nations?